Pamban bridge, Rameswaram

4.8
Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the town of Rameswaram on Pamban Island to mainland India. Opened on 24 February 1914, it was India's first sea bridge, and was the longest sea bridge in India until the opening of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link in 2010. The rail bridge is, for the most part, a conventional bridge resting on concrete piers, but has a double-leaf bascule section midway, which can be raised to let ships and barges pass through.LocationThe bridge spans a 2 km strait between the Indian mainland and Pamban island. The mainland end of the bridge is located at. The bridge is located in the world's second most corrosive environment after Florida, making its maintenance a challenging job. The location is also a cyclone-prone high wind velocity zone.DesignThe railway bridge is located above sea level and is 6776ft long. The bridge consists of 143 piers and has a double-leaf bascule section with a Scherzer rolling type lift span that can be raised to let ships pass. Each half of the lifting span weighs. The two leaves of the bridge are opened manually using levers.Planning and ConstructionPlans for a bridge to connect to mainland was suggested in 1870 as the British Administration sought ways to increase trade with Ceylon. The construction began in August 1911 and was opened on 24 February 1914. The adjacent road bridge was opened in 1988.MaintenanceThe bridge was damaged during the 1964 Rameswaram cyclone and required repair work. Strengthening work was carried out on the bridge under the supervision of E. Sreedharan in 2009 to enable it to carry goods trains. On 13 January 2013, the bridge required repair work to the piers after suffering minor damage from a naval barge. In 2016, the Ministry of Railways sanctioned to replace the existing long rolling type span with a long single truss span which could be opened automatically.
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  • We got a view of this from the higher placed road bridge. Unfortunately, we could not witness it opening and closing.  more »
  • This is an iconic bridge which connects the rameshwaram island to the mainland. I watched it from the road bridge adjacent to it. As luck would have it, I saw a train passing  more »
  • It is the first sea bridge in India. It was in this bridge where a train overturned in the 1964 cyclone. When u travel via road u can pull over ur vehicle for a few minutes and get a view of this rail...  more »

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Where to stay in Rameswaram

Built on a tiny island, Rameswaram offers limited accommodation options, most ranging from standard to budget--though some economy hotels still offer luxury service. Frequent visits by pilgrims have spurred a number of boutique hotels and residential-type lodgings, as well as villas. Many mid-range hotels on the eastern part of the island offer a beachfront, while shoestring travelers have a number of options across Rameswaram.
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6 days in Rameswaram & Kanyakumari BY A USER FROM INDIA December, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: December, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM INDIA December, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: December ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 7 days in India BY A USER FROM INDIA May, kids, popular PREFERENCES: May, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Rameswaram BY A USER FROM INDIA May, kids, popular PREFERENCES: May, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM INDIA December, kids, popular PREFERENCES: December, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 6 days in Bhubaneswar & Rameswaram BY A USER FROM INDIA March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: March, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 14 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM INDIA March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 22 days in Tamil Nadu BY A USER FROM INDIA December, culture, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: December, culture, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 5 days in Rameswaram BY A USER FROM INDIA December, teens, relaxing, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: December, teens, relaxing, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Munnar, Rameswaram & Visakhapatnam BY A USER FROM INDIA January, popular PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Munnar & Rameswaram BY A USER FROM INDIA January, popular PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Rameswaram BY A USER FROM INDIA November, popular PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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