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Ongole

Ongole is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Prakasam district. It is also the mandal headquarters of Ongole mandal in Ongole revenue division. The city is the 13th most populous in the state. Ongole is known for its Ongole cattle, a breed of oxen. This is one of the major Zebu cattle breeds in the world.EtymologyPrakasam district was formerly called Ongole district and later, renamed to Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu.HistoryThe town's history dates from 230 BCE with the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now present-day Andhra Pradesh. A few inscriptions dating to the Satavahana period have been found in the village China Ganjam, near Ongole. After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A.D. The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple in Ongole City was constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in early 17th century by King Vankayalapati mantri and Army Chief.
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