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Margao

Trip Planner Asia  /  India  /  Goa  /  South Goa District  /  Margao
Margao is the second largest city by population, and the commercial and cultural capital of the Indian state of Goa. It is the administrative headquarters of Salcete taluka and South Goa district. By road, Margao is located approximately 33km from the capital Panaji, and 27km from Vasco da Gama.EtymologyMargão is the Portuguese spelling with Modgão being used in Konkani. It is known as Madgaon in Marathi. It is derived from the Sanskrit Maṭhagrām which means a village with a matha.In Ravanphond now a suburb of Margao there are shrines of Matsyendranath and Gorakhnath.The abode of Nath medicants was called a Matha(Monastery). Madagao was not called Mathagrama on account of Vaishnavite Math belonging to Dvaita sect which was founded in the latter 15th century and shifted to Partagali after the establishment of the Portuguese power.Mathagrama probably got its name on account of Nath math which were there before Vaishnavite monastery.HistoryMargao in pre-Portuguese times was one of the important settlements in Salcete and known as Matha Grama (the village of Mathas) as it was a temple town with nine Mathas in temple schools. Its replacement in 1579 was destroyed by raiders along with the seminary that had been built alongside it. The present church was built in 1675.
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