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Chengalpattu, formerly known as Chingleput, is a suburb of south chennai city and southwestern of Kanchipuram region in Kanchipuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The British Government Named this Whole District as Chingleput District. At the end of 20th Century this District is Named as Kanchipuram District. It is the 2nd Largest Town in the District after Kanchipuram.Chengalpattu Railway Station, Generally known as CGL. is One of the Important Railway Junction in Southern Railway and it is the important Halting for all Superfast and Express Trains all over India. It is the headquarters of the Chengalpattu Taluk of the district and is southwest of the state capital, Chennai on the National Highway 45.Chengalpattu Government Hospital is the Landmark and Largest Government Hospital in this District. The Hospital has a Medical College. And Has Principal Court of This District with Dr. Ambedhkar Law College.The city is believed to have been named after a lily called 'chenkazhuneer poo' which is found aplenty in the region. It is on the Palar River about 56 km southwest of Chennai city (Madras). Chengalpattu is an important commercial center. It has a medical college and other colleges affiliated with the University of Madras. As of 2011, the town had a population of 62,579.HistoryChengalpattu was formerly a capital of the kings of Vijayanagara, after their defeat by the Deccan sultanates at Battle of Talikota in 1565. In 1639 a local governor or nayak, subject to these kings, granted a piece of coastal land to the British East India Company where Fort St George now stands, which became the nucleus of the city of Madras. The fortress at Chengalpattu, built by the Vijayanagara kings in the 16th century, was of strategic importance, owing to its swampy surroundings and the lake that flanked its side.
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